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Dominique Mallet - Le culte de Neit à Saïs
09.09.2017, 17:39

Една от ранните монографии, дело на големия френски египтолог Доминик Мале относно едно от най-интересните древноегипетски божества - Нейт, богинята закрилница на Саис (др. егип. Цау или Зау) - столицата на Делтата, а през периода на Късното царство и на цял Египет. Нетипично за дама, Нейт е богиня на лова и войната, ненадминат стрелец  с лък, пради което символът ѝ са две кръстосани стрели. Тя е покровителка на воините, които освещават оръжията си в нейна чест, смята се, че пази телата на убитите. Едно небезоснователно предположение на афроцентриста Мартин Бернал вижда в Нейт прототип именно на древноегръцката Атина, донесен в Елада от египетски или финикийцки търговци, завоеватели или мисионери.

 Dominique Mallet - Le culte de Neit à Saïs, Paris, Ernest Leroux, 1888  - на френски език, от Internet Archive , формат PDF, файлът не е архивиран. Сваляне с десен бутон (right bottom) и Save as...

 

Added by: Admin | | Tags: Нейт, Древен Египет, Саис, древноегипетска религия, древноегипетска митология, Делта
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One of the early works (in French) about Egyptian goddess Neith.Neith (/neɪθ/ or /niːθ/; also spelled Nit, Net, or Neit) was an early goddess in the Egyptian pantheon, said to be the first and the prime creator. She was the patron deity of Sais, where her cult was centered in the Western Nile Delta of northern Egypt and attested as early as the First Dynasty.Neith was a goddess of war and of hunting and had as her symbol, two arrows crossed over a shield. She is a far more complex goddess than is generally known, however, and of whom ancient texts only hint of her true nature. A religious silence was imposed by ancient Egyptians for secrecy, employing euphemisms and allusions and often relying on symbols alone. In her usual representations, she is portrayed as a fierce deity, a woman wearing the Red Crown, occasionally holding or using the bow and arrow, in others a harpoon. In fact, the hieroglyphs of her name usually are followed by a determinative containing the archery elements, with the shield symbol of the name being explained as either double bows (facing one another), intersected by two arrows (usually lashed to the bows), or, by other imagery associated with her worship. Her symbol also identified the city of Sais. This symbol was displayed on top of her head in Egyptian art. In her form as a goddess of war, she was said to make the weapons of warriors and to guard their bodies when they died.

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