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Raphael Ventura - Living in a City of the Dead
10.02.2019, 20:07

Подбор на топографски и административни термини, срещащи се в надписи от Деир ел Медина: града на чиновници, занаятчии и черноработници, обслужващи Града на мъртвите - Долината на царете в Тиванския некропол. За да запазят в тайна местонахождението на издълбаните в скалата скрити гробници на фараоните, жителите на това селище и семействата им, макар и привилегировани, живеят в стриктна, почти пълна изолация. Този особен статус е отразен и в специалната терминология, запазена в надписите от онова време.

Raphael Ventura - Living in a City of the Dead: A Selection of Topographical and Administrative Terms in the Documents of the Theban Necropolis, Fribourg - Göttingen, Universitatsverlag Fribourg- Vanderhoeck & Ruprecht, 1986- на английски език, от The Zurich Open Repository and Archive, формат PDF.Свалянето става с десен бутон (downloading by right button) и Save as...


Added by: Admin | | Tags: древноегипетски език, Древен Египет, Тивански некропол, Деир ел Медина, Ново царство, древноегипетска археология, Долина на царете
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The village of Deir el-Medina in Western Thebes has yielded an enormous quantity of written documents composed by the local scribes throughout the Ramesside Period. These documents illuminate sharply the living conditions and the activities of a unique community of workmen, whose lives were devoted to the preparation and safeguarding of the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings. By the very nature of their activities, the workmen of Deir el-Medina and their families had knowledge of a most preciously kept secret, that of the whereabouts of the hidden, rock-cut royal tombs and their layout. To avoid the diffusion of this information to potential tomb-robbers, the Egyptian administration devised a whole series of measures which brought about an almost total isolation for the workmen and their family. Under these extreme conditions, a special society developed, unparalleled elsewhere in Egypt, which was self-sufficient in many respects. To understand thoroughly the documents of this site, one has to familiarize oneself with the carious topographical and administrative terms recurring in them, which, having been locally coined, held little meaning to outsiders and even less to the modern investigator. The purpose of this book has been to define the most basic among these terms by using internal evidence only, and by carefully differentiating between their official and colloquial uses. By providing a set of well researched and abundantly documented basic terms, the author has been able to reveal a coherent picture of life and work in the desert under very restricting and yet bearable conditions. The emphasis put by Cerny on the royal tomb under construction is shown to be excessive, and the village of Deir el-Medina comes out as a center of activity not less important, in the eyes of its inhabitants, than the Valley of the Kings.

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